Salinero Echeverría, S., & Fábrega Lacoa, J. (2020). ¿ Contribuye el aumento del catálogo de penas alternativas y el resto de modificaciones legales a cambiar el perfil de la población condenada en el sistema abierto? Evidencia para Chile. Revista Criminalidad, 62(2), 181-198.
This study, based on a quantitative methodology, describes and analyzes sociodemographic and criminogenic variables of a representative sample of those sentenced to alternative penalties (called substitutes) to prison in Chile, after the reform of Law No. 20.603. This modification changed the paradigm prevailing up to that time as far as this regime of sanctions is concerned. It also compares some of the results with those obtained in another study prior to the reform. The results show characteristics of those sentenced to these sanctions, which are present in the various types of alternative penalties, as well as with respect to those sentenced to a custodial sentence. There are sociodemographic and criminogenic patterns that allow for the profiling of convicts and a better targeting of resources in social reintegration and recidivism reduction programs. They also show that there is a gender component that should be the subject of study and analysis of public policies when addressing criminal behavior.
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